Maximilian Ramgraber

Assistant Professor at TU Delft
Department of Geoscience and Engineering - Section Reservoir Engineering


Hello! I am an Assistant Professor at TU Delft's Department of Geoscience and Engineering. Most of my research involves nonlinear data assimilation and uncertainty estimation. These methods help us to build advanced, self-correcting simulations of complex environmental systems. With their help, we can make more reliable predictions of both the present and future.

Research Interests

Uncertainty Estimation and Parameter Inference

Most of my research revolves around uncertainty estimation. Information about environmental systems is often scarce, and the consequence is uncertainty. Statistical methods allows us to quantify this uncertainty where it cannot be otherwise resolved. This is critical in the study of the subsurface, one of the most information-limited environmental systems. I am particularly interested in statistical methods which allow us to capture advanced aspects of uncertainty such as Pareto frontiers, multi-modality, and other non-Gaussian features.

Data Assimilation and Sequential Inference

Data assimilation is a specialized form of uncertainty estimation. It plays an important role in systems where we have an interest in sequential or real-time updates to our simulations. Examples include weather forecasts, automated pump control, petroleum engineering, or GPS tracking. Advanced data assimilation algorithms can even infer and improve a model's parameters with time, yielding self-improving simulations. Much of my work focusses on such algorithms.

Hydrogeology and Numerical Modelling

The context in which I explore these subjects is often hydrogeology. Groundwater is the most important freshwater reservoir in many parts of the world. Unfortunately, the subsurface is mostly unobservable, which makes its study challenging. With predominantly point-wise data, numerical models are an important tool to create physically meaningful connections between these fragmented pieces of information. When combined with uncertainty estimation, we can rigorously study the plausibility and consequences of different hypotheses about the subsurface's properties even with incomplete data.

Academic waypoints

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University of KielGermany
Geoscience B.Sc.

University of NeuchâtelSwitzerland
University of TübingenGermany
Applied & Environmental Geoscience M.Sc. 
MITUnited States of America
Postdoctoral Researcher
Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science & TechnologySwitzerland
TU DelftNetherlands
Assistant Professor(tenure track)